“Number of missing teeth at baseline was associated directly with higher levels of several established CVD risk factors, as shown in Table 1. A significant and linear relationship between a risk factor and missing-teeth group was found for age, educa- tion years (inverse), body mass index, HDL cholesterol (inverse), triglycerides, C-reactive protein, male sex, existing DM, and either parent having AMI or DM. Systolic blood pres- sure, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and cholesterol showed no significant trends due to high standard deviation values. Smokers were equally distributed between among teeth groups, with a group-specific prevalence of 40% to 48%. Total intake of energy, carbohydrates, proteins, and fat did not differ sig- nificantly across missing-teeth categories when adjusted for age, sex, and education years.
We investigated the characteristics of subjects with and without incident CVD and further explored subjects with inci- dent CHD events, AMI, or stroke (Table 2). In sum, 9.9% of the studied population developed incident CVD in the 13-y follow- up. All CVD risk factors were significantly different between subjects with and without incident CVD. Presence of DM was 3.5 times more common in subjects having CVD, of which 70% were men. The risk factors showed similar patterns in the sub- groups of CVD (CHD events, AMI, and stroke; data not shown).”